How Many Butternut Squash per Plant?

With its long shelf life, sweet tasting flesh, and beautiful orange color, butternut squash is arguably one of the best winter squashes to choose from. Because of all its great qualities, many choose to grow it in their garden every year. However, many gardeners have difficulty determining just how many butternut squash they can expect from each plant.

So how many butternut squash can you expect per plant? A butternut squash plant will typically yield around 3 to 6 butternut squash per plant. Squash plants that are healthier as well as larger in size however, can expect a yield of 10 or more butternut squash from a single plant.

The amount of butternut squash a given plant will produce will depend on many different factors. Such factors include the variety, size and overall health of the plant. Therefore it’s important to take said factors into consideration when determining how many butternut squash your plant will produce.

How Many Butternut Squash can you expect from One Plant?

Not all squash plants are equal. Some butternut squash plants are small and only produce a few butternut squash. On the other hand, large plants with several vines can produce a dozen butternut squash or more. Generally speaking, the larger the squash plant, the more butternut squash you can expect.

If you want a high yield of butternut squash, you will need a healthy squash plant with plenty of long, vigorous vines. The more vines, leaves and flowers your butternut squash plant has, the more opportunities for butternut squash to form.

Getting the Most out of your Butternut Squash Plant:

As stated earlier, the larger and healthier a squash plant is, the more butternut squash it will produce. Having said that, there are several different ways you can optimize your squash plant to produce the maximum yield possible from one plant.


The vines of a squash plant will quickly spread out and take up space in the garden as it grows. Therefore, ensuring enough space for your butternut squash plants is essential in maximizing your butternut squash yield. So how much space does a butternut squash plant need? Butternut squash should be spaced 3 to 4 feet apart from each other with rows being 8 to 10 feet apart.

While butternut squash plants may take up a significant amount of space in the garden, they can however be grown on trellises in order to save space. A sturdy trellis that is around 6 feet in height should be sufficient in supporting the numerous butternut squash that will eventually develop and hang down from the vines.

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Fertilizing your Butternut Squash Plants:

Another easy way to maximize your butternut squash yield is by fertilizing your butternut squash plants. With the right fertilizer, your butternut squash plants will develop strong, healthy vines that will have the ability to support several large, plump butternut squashes to enjoy come harvest time.

So what’s the best kind of fertilizer to use on butternut squash? A well balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 fertilizer will provide all the necessary nutrients to help your butternut squash plants produce large, healthy vines, leaves and most importantly, butternut squash. The key here is balance. Squash plants are heavy feeders that require a little bit of everything. 10-10-10 fertilizer provides a good balance of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium; all of which are crucial in developing large, quality fruits.

10-10-10 fertilizer typically comes as a granular fertilizer but can come in liquid form as well. When it comes to growing butternut squash, work some 10-10-10 fertilizer into the soil prior to planting followed by a monthly application of fertilizer throughout the growing season.

Managing and Controlling Disease:

dery Mildew on Plant Leaf

While squash plants with large, strong vines can produce several butternut squashes during its life span, it is still susceptible to a number of diseases that have the potential to wreak havoc on your squash plants and even destroy the individuals squashes themselves. Because of this, it’s important to know how to treat and prevent diseases that butternut squash plants are susceptible to.


Diseases that affect butternut squash typically display symptoms on the vines and leaves of the plant. In severe cases, the squashes themselves can display symptoms too. Common symptoms of diseased butternut squash plants include yellowed or decaying leaves, white spots on leaves, black lesions on the vines and leaves, or mold developing on the fruits themselves. If your butternut squash plant is displaying any of these symptoms, it is likely infected with a disease and should be treated.


If your butternut squash plants start displaying any of the symptoms listed above, the first step is to prune off any of the affected areas of the plant and discard them. Do not make the mistake of composting the infected plant remains however; as the disease will likely return when you add said compost into your garden. If there are any weeds growing nearby, it’s recommended that you get rid of them as well as they may also be harboring the same disease.

After you’ve discarded any and all necessary plant debris, spray your squash plants with a fungicide such as neem oil. Neem oil is an effective and all natural fungicide that will not only neutralize harmful fungi such as anthracnose, but also help keep away harmful insects like aphids and whiteflies which are notorious for spreading plant disease. 

After pruning infected stems and leaves, simply spray plants with neem oil every 1 to 2 weeks until symptoms diminish.

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Treating your diseased squash plants once they are infected may not save them 100% of the time, but preventing disease from occurring in the first place is far more effective. One of the most common ways plants become infected is through water. Of course, water is crucial to plant growth however, moistened leaves provide an opportunity for harmful fungi to grow thus leading to disease. So when it comes to watering your butternut squash, be sure to water at the base of the plant and avoid getting water on the leaves.

Another common way plants get infected is via insects. Insects often travel from plant to plant thus often spreading diseases from plant to plant as a byproduct. Neem oil as discussed earlier, works great at repelling many different kinds of insects that are harmful to squash plants.

If you have been growing squash in the same area for multiple years in a row, it may be time to switch it up. Some plant diseases can overwinter in the soil and come out to infect your butternut squash as well as other garden plants in the next growing season. This is why crop rotation is important. By switching up where you plant your squash every few years, you minimize the risk of disease and also improve soil health.


While most butternut squash plants will only produce around 3 to 6 butternuts squashes, you now know the secrets expert gardeners use to maximize their butternut squash yield and produce more butternut squash from each plant. Good luck in with growing and be sure to check out other articles for more garden troubleshooting.

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